Dr. Carla Hernandez Garavito

Assistant ProfessorPortrait of Dr. Carla Hernandez Garavito Archeaeology Professor
Office: 117 Piccolo Building
Phone: 336.758.5469
Email: hernanca@wfu.edu

Dr. Carla Hernández Garavito (Ph.D., Vanderbilt University, 2019) is a Peruvian anthropological archaeologist investigating transformations of community identity in the Central Andes through successive colonization by the Inka (1450-1532 CE) and Spanish (1532-1821 CE) Empires. She has conducted research in the Peruvian North Coast and Cusco, but her main research area is Huarochirí, in the highlands of Lima. Besides archaeology, Dr. Hernández Garavito is particularly interested in the use of historical and archival sources on archaeological research. She connects her archaeological and historical interests through spatial modeling.

Prior to coming to Wake Forest, Dr. Hernández Garavito was a Lecturer at the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Peru, a Junior Fellow of Pre-Columbian Studies at the Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection (2018-2019), and a Chancellor’s Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of California, Riverside (2019-2020). She has worked closely with undergraduate students directing archaeological field schools and laboratories in Peru.

Research and Scholarly Activities

Current Research

Dr. Hernández Garavito’s current project, Crafting, Gender, and Resistance: An Archaeological Study of the Potters of Huarochirí, investigates the pre-Hispanic and colonial period history of the region of Santo Domingo de los Olleros, a known pottery manufacture hub in colonial and modern times. Her work explores the shift of a specific productive and commercial activity from a generalized craft to being associated with female gender roles, and the impact of specialization on indigenous definitions of gender and ethnic identity. In her work, Dr. Hernández Garavito uses an interdisciplinary approach, including photogrammetry, archival research, archaeological ethnography, spatial modeling, intrasite survey, excavation, and compositional ceramic analysis.



  • Accepted: Experiencing Community: Continuity and Transformation of Residential Life Under the Inka Empire in Huarochirí (Lima, Peru), Latin American Antiquity
  • Producing Legibility Through Ritual: The Inka Expansion in Huarochirí (Lima, Peru), Journal of Social Archaeology (published online first), 2020
  • Hernández, Carla and Carlos Osores, Colonialism and Domestic Life: Identities and Foodways in Huarochirí During the Inka Empire, International Journal of Historical Archaeology 23:832-867, 2019

  Book Chapters

  • Wernke, Steven A., Gabriela Oré, Carla Hernández, Aurelio Rodríguez, Abel Traslaviña and Giancarlo Marcone. Beyond the Basemap: Multiscalar Survey through Aerial Photogrammetry in the Andes. In: Mobilizing the Past for a Digital Future, Digital Press at the University of North Dakota, 2016
  • Hernández, Carla and Gabriela Oré. Aproximaciones a los procesos de abandono del Complejo Maranga en los Periodos Tardíos. In: Arqueología Peruana Homenaje a Mercedes Cárdenas. Lima: Instituto Riva – Agüero, 2011
  • Makowski, Krzysztof and Carla Hernández. Las Casas del Sapan Inca In: Señores de los Imperios del Sol. Colección Arte y Tesoros del Perú. Lima: Banco de Crédito del Perú, 2010

  Conference Proceedings

  • In press: Negotiations inscribed in stone: mountains, rock outcrops and identity in Huarochirí, Proceedings of the International Symposium “Landscape and Territory. Social Practices and Regional Interactions in the Central Andes,” November 2017, National University of San Marcos, Lima, March 2019.
  • In press: Sharing the Stage: Negotiation of Ritual Spaces and Practices between the Lurin Yauyos and Inka. Proceedings of the Conference “New Perspectives on the Inca Conquest and Occupation of the Central Coast: A View from the Local Communities”, April 2016, Peruvian National Ministry of Culture, Lima
  • In press: Building the Province of Pariacaca: Interaction and Ritual in the organization and restructuration of Huarochirí in the Late Periods. Proceedings of the International Symposium “The Quechua Manuscript of Huarochirí, circa 1608”, September 2013, Pontifical Catholic University of Peru, Lima

Awards and Fellowships

  • 2018 – Anthropology Graduate Professionalization Research Grant, Vanderbilt University
  • 2016-2017 – Mellon Graduate Fellow in the Center for Digital Humanities, Vanderbilt University
  • 2016 – Anthropology Graduate Supplemental Research Grant, Vanderbilt University
  • 2015-2016 – National Science Foundation Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant
  • 2015-2016 – Wenner Gren Foundation Dissertation Fieldwork Grant
  • 2012 – Latin American Studies Summer Grant, Vanderbilt University
  • 2011-2016 – University Graduate Fellowship, Vanderbilt University
  • 2011 – Annual Faculty Research Grant, Pontifical Catholic University of Peru

Teaching and Student Engagement

ANT 112 Introduction to Archaeology

Dr. Hernández Garavito welcomes the opportunity to work with students interested on Latin American archaeology and ethnohistory, Indigenous empires, Colonialism, Evangelization, Ritual, Landscape Archaeology, Communal practices and community formation, Craft as a form of political resistance, Construction of gender roles, Archaeometry, Spatial modeling, and Digital humanities.

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